The Postsecondary Education Participation Survey (PEPS) is a new survey designed to collect information on three important themes in postsecondary education: access to, persistence in and financing of postsecondary education. Access looks at characteristics of and barriers faced by those who enrol in postsecondary studies and those who do not. Persistence examines the population pursuing postsecondary education and some reasons for dropping out. Financing covers expenditures and sources of funding for an academic year as reported by the youth aged 18-24 (17-24 in Quebec). This report is organized around these three themes by first examining factors that previous research has shown to be related to access, such as parents’ expectations, academic performance and parents’ level of education. These factors are compared between those who have taken at least some post-secondary education and those who have not.