This second edition of Canadian Demographics at a Glance updates and expands the data and analyses found in the first edition. This compendium is comprised of four sections, beginning in Section one with an overview of Canada’s total population growth, as well as the age and sex structure. Section two examines the three components of population growth, that is, fertility, mortality and migration—including immigration, non-permanent residents and emigration. In Section three, other aspects related to the composition of the Canadian population are analyzed including ethnocultural diversity, language, Aboriginal identity, the labour force and families and households. Finally, Section four examines selected demographic characteristics for the provinces, territories and some subprovincial areas.